A Letter from Professor Pat Dudgeon

Welcome to the Manual of Resources in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention.

The Manual is a collection of practical resources and tools that people, both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous, can use to make a real difference in promoting positive mental health and social emotional wellbeing, and preventing suicide in our communities.

It responds to a need that many people have expressed: for simple guidance focused on positive actions that can be taken in a crisis or to address an ongoing issue.

There is excellent foundational work that addresses the principles of suicide prevention for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Evaluation Project (ATSISPEP) report sets the standard for good practice in Australia. It draws in turn from ground-breaking Australian and international studies that demonstrate the connection between community empowerment, cultural continuity and the social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous people. 

The Gayaa Dhuwi Declaration, a statement about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leadership in mental health, was adapted from the international Wharerata Declaration and is now at the centre of Australia’s policy response to Indigenous people’s higher rates of psychological distress and suicide – including through the Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan.

These principles are critically important, and the Manual translates them into accessible guidance that can be used in all sorts of situations: by someone concerned about a family member, a social worker whose client is talking of self-harming, or a Primary Health Network that needs to fund culturally safe services in a community.

We hope that one day the history, philosophy and principles of Indigenous suicide prevention is part of accepted good practice towards Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, ensuring that governance, co-design and self-determination are valued part of relationships. Until then, many people – both Indigenous and non-Indigenous – urgently need actions and approaches with potential to save lives right now.

The Manual is organised in three sections:

  • For individuals, families, Elders and community members
  • For clinicians and other front-line workers, both Indigenous and mainstream
  • For Primary Health Networks and other service and commissioning organisations.

Each section includes downloadable resources, checklists, online decision tools and best practice case studies that support users to respond positively and proportionately in whatever situation they face. 

The Manual is designed to be used as flexibly as possible. It is optimised for use on mobile phones, as this is what many people use in their lives and work in communities. It also includes lots of downloadable resources, recognising that some communities lack mobile phone reception and people may wish to print or store key documents for later use.

These materials have been carefully selected in partnership with Indigenous communities to cover an extensive range of circumstances for many different audiences. Everything that has been included (with a handful of exceptions, clearly labelled) was originally co-designed and developed with Indigenous people for Indigenous people. The resources have all been reviewed for currency and relevance by Indigenous experts and supporters. We thank everyone who has reviewed these resources and helped us refine the work in progress. They are acknowledged here [link].

Because the Manual is an online toolkit, it can live and grow as new resources become available. We look forward to hearing how people have used the Manual, and their suggestions for improving it.

Professor Pat Dudgeon

Director | Centre of Best Practice in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention
School of Indigenous Studies
University of Western Australia


If you or someone you know is suicidal or if you are looking for help, please call one of the following national helplines for immediate help:

Lifeline Australia – Call 13 11 14 or Crisis Support Chat

Suicide Call Back Service – Call 1300 659 467 or online counselling

Kids Helpline – Call 1800 551 800 or WebChat counselling

Mens Line Australia – Call 1300 789 978 or online counselling

Open Arms Veterans & Families Counselling – Call  1800 011 046 or visit their website

Qlife – LGBTI peer support and referral – Call 1800 184 527 or webchat 3pm to midnight daily

The National Indigenous Critical Response Service – Call 1800 805 801