The work of the Centre of Best Practice in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention (CBPATSISP) comes from the principles in The National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ Mental Health and Social and Emotional Well Being 2015-202/2017-2023 and the NHMRC Ethical Conduct in research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and Communities: Guidelines for Researchers and Stakeholders (2018)
The principles that underlie the Aboriginal and Torres Strait indicators of best practice are listed below:
Programs and services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be based on the above principles and be able to demonstrate how they meet the below Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander indicators for best practice.
1. The program uses the guiding principles by having
a. a cultural and community focus,
b. strengthening Indigenous governance and
c. demonstrating cultural respect.
2. NHMRC Ethical Guidelines were considered in developing the program or service.
3. Community/cultural governance are in place for the program or service.
4. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were involved in the development of the program or service or steps were taken to include them later.
5. The organisation of the program or service is involved with local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community groups as shown by:
a. Process being community-led and directed
b. Formal partnerships
c. Other types of collaboration
6. An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community reference group or similar was established for the program or service.
a. The group included key stakeholders or members of the target group (eg youth, elders, consumers, carers, LGBTIQ) and meetings were held regularly.
7. The program or service considers the social and historical context of where people are living.
8. The program is specific to local groups by considering gender and location where delivered.
9. The program has relationships/integrates with similar programs, services and other stakeholders.
10. The program or service is working with the local Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services.
11. There is evidence that community capacity building took place.
12. Ongoing activity is in place to ensure a continuous development/ quality improvement process, program is being refined.
13. There is follow-up for participants after completion of the program or service.
14. Community feedback processes are built into the program or service.
15. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander staff/workers are involved in program or service development and implementation.
16. Non-Aboriginal staff/workers involved had undertaken cultural competence and safety training.
The guiding principles that inform the overall work of the CBPATSISP and specifically the CBPATSISP Evaluation Framework include the key principles of the LiFE Framework and the nine guiding principles from The National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ Mental Health and Social and Emotional Well Being 2017-2023. The renewed Framework is endorsed by the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments and represents agreement among a wide range of stakeholders on the broad strategies needed to support the whole-of-life view of health held by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People.
These principles take into account the cultural, social, spiritual, economic and historical and contemporary contexts of Indigenous communities in the delivery of health, mental health and social service. They require that program service delivery and practices are adapted to local cultural and community contexts to facilitate community engagement, ownership and thereby the likely uptake of prevention initiatives. These principles are: